A charming Moscow daisy, cosmos, or cosmea is one of the flyers, without which it is impossible to imagine a single garden. Weightless and delicate, delicate, with chintz pattern of pretty flowers on the background of a continuous pillow of narrow leaves, cosmea fascinates with its cheerful character and simplicity. Growing cosmea from seeds is easy even for novice gardeners. After all, it does not even have to be sown for seedlings.Cosmos bifold (Cosmos bipinnatus).
The most popular cosmea is double-feathered and its hybrids are upright, large, densely scrubbing annuals with a height of 80 cm to almost one and a half meters. The leaves are needle-shaped, somewhat reminiscent of dill or fennel, create a translucent elegant green mass. Against the background of bright greenery, weightless flowers flutter on tall and thin pedicels - basket inflorescences with a beautiful circle of wide reed flowers around a neat yellow center. Petals are very delicate and translucent. The cosmea color scheme includes all possible shades of a white-pink-red palette, sometimes in two-color variations.
Despite the fact that today cosmei are represented by numerous varieties that allow you to choose a diverse palette of colors and even the height of plants, the simplicity of propagation of these crops does not change. All cosmemes, without exception, are grown from seeds (sulfur-yellow, and blood-red, and twice-feathered). Plants give abundant self-seeding, usually if they appear on the site, then forever. But it’s easy to grow a cosmea for the first time. For cosmea, you can use the method of sowing seedlings, although it is much easier to sow the seeds of space directly into the soil, at the place of cultivation.
When sown in soil, Moscow chamomile usually begins flowering in July, growing seedlings allows you to get earlier flowering.
Self-collection of seeds and their selection for sowing
Cosmea seeds ripen perfectly even in the middle lane. Despite the flowering that has been going on for quite some time, they can be collected in large numbers on plants on which fading flowers were left, already in early autumn.
On sale cosmea is represented everywhere. When buying, it is enough to follow the general precautions and rules of choice.
Due to the fact that the seeds of outer space retain their germination for more than three years, one purchase or collection of seeds is usually enough for a very long time.
The conditions necessary for growing kosmey
When planting seedlings or sowing in the garden for Moscow chamomile, it is very important to choose the right place. Cosmei are one of the most sun-loving summers and in the shade it will be impossible to admire the weightless beauties.
The soil for cosmea should be fresh, light and loose, nutritious or at least medium nutrient. A high organic content is welcome, as is a sandy structure. Dense or too heavy soils can easily be improved by adding compost and sand.Shoots of cosmea sown in the ground.
Sowing cosmea into the soil
Unlike some other flyers, for cosmea, sowing in the soil is carried out immediately in a permanent place, in greenhouses or seedlings. But on the other hand, sowing dates can be chosen at your discretion. Cosmea can be sown in the spring, and use the method of winter sowing.
Sowing time plants coincide with the standard planting dates of medium-cold-resistant summers. Cosmei are sown in early May or April, when the risk of persistent night frost disappears, but not waiting for the return frosts to completely disappear. Before winter, sowing is carried out when the soil begins to be frozen.
Cosmey is most often sown not in rows or furrows, but in shallow pits at a distance of 30-40 cm to create ideal planting density and minimal thinning efforts. 2-4 seeds are placed in the pits, thinning seedlings at the cotyledon stage and leaving only the strongest plants at the optimal distance. When filling with Moscow daisy large areas, sowing can be carried out in the usual way.
In spring sowing, the soil is preliminarily moistened, while in winter sowing, watering is not carried out.
Cosmea seeds need light to germinate, so they are simply pressed into the soil, secured in it, but not sprinkled on top of the ground. During winter sowing, places with cosmea seeds are covered with snow. In the spring or in the greenhouse, seedlings appear within 2 weeks.
Cosmei cultivation through seedlings
Seedling method is usually used only for rare, new or improved flowering hybrid varieties. This method is inferior in popularity to sowing directly into the ground.
The soil and containers for sowing cosmea are selected from among the standard ones. Cosmea feels good in a simple purchased substrate for seedlings or independently composed loose and light earth mixtures of medium nutritional value. Sowing plates should be shallow, but the choice of their size depends on personal preferences. Cosmei can be sown in small individual cells or pots of 2-3 seeds each, you can use large boxes and sparse sowing with thinning instead of diving, or you can carry out a standard sowing and shoot seedlings. It all depends on the desired amount of seedlings and the number of seeds.
Sowing cosmea seeds for seedlings begins in March and continues until the end of April, regulating the desired flowering time of the plant.
The technique of sowing cosmea is very simple:
- Tanks are filled with a substrate and gently moisten the soil from the atomizer. The substrate is not compacted.
- Seeds are less often scattered on the surface of the soil or spread out at a distance of 9-10 cm (or in each cell) for 2-3 seeds, lightly pressed down or left on the surface. Access to light is necessary for the germination of the cosmos. From above, the seeds are moistened from a spray bottle.
- The containers are covered with glass or film.
The conditions for the germination of cosmea seeds are not quite standard. Cosmeas grow worse in warmth, indicators from 15 to 18 degrees are considered the optimal temperature range. Capacities with crops of cosmei expose to maximum bright lighting.
Growing plants is carried out in the same conditions in which the sown seeds were kept - in cool and in bright light.
Seedling dives are carried out only if they want to preserve all seedlings, avoiding thinning, and when not grown in separate containers. Dive shoots after the appearance of a pair of real leaves. If cosmea was sown in large containers, the plants can be thinned by removing the weakest and leaving the seedlings at a distance of 7-10 cm from each other. In individual containers, the weakest shoots are also simply pulled out.
Care for young cosmea is standard, it comes down to careful watering that does not allow drought or waterlogging. If the seedlings are pulled out, the tops of the plants are pinched, but it is better to organize illumination and prevent the process of deformation of the sprouts, because pincing negatively affects flowering and delays its beginning.
Cosmea seedlings begin hardening as early as possible, taking seedlings out at least a few hours a day to fresh air on fine days.
Landing at a permanent place is carried out only after the threat of nocturnal frosts disappears in May. The distance when planting cosmea seedlings is standard - from 10 to 30 cm to obtain a dense array and beautiful texture spots. The plant is not afraid of transplantation.Seedlings of Cosmea.
Care for young cosmeas
Cosmei pleasantly surprise with drought tolerance, but at a young age, at the very beginning of growth, it is necessary for the plant to maintain stable soil moisture. At that time, when cosmea builds up vegetative mass, it is better to water the plants until the flowering begins in the drought. During the flowering period, watering is carried out only during severe droughts and in the heat in order to maintain abundant flowering and to extend the duration of the flowering period as a whole.
When cultivating cosmes, top dressing is not a mandatory departure point at all. They begin to carry out them at the stage of budding, full of mineral fertilizers, repeating several times during the summer. At the growing stage, fertilizing can cause the growth of greenery to the detriment of flowering. An excess of nitrogen is especially dangerous for space.
If a tall kosmey was sown or planted on a windy platform, as the bushes grow, it is better to take care of the installation of supports and garter. Thanks to the light greenery, a regular peg is enough for the plant.
With the advent of the first flowers, one should begin to regularly remove fading flowers. Without such a simple procedure, the flowering of Moscow chamomile will be quite short and not so lush. To collect seeds, the largest flowers are selectively left, the rest are regularly removed.
Due to stamina and resistance, problems with pests or diseases rarely occur in this plant. Usually difficulties with rot occur only in unfavorable autumn, young seedlings or seedlings of the disease are not terrible.