Primrose is also called spring primrose. The genus of primroses has more than 600 species. A variety of shapes and colors of flowers will satisfy the different tastes of gardeners. In many primrose leaves remain in the winter, in others in the spring a new rosette of leaves grows. Peduncles have different lengths.Primrose or stemless primrose (Primula vulgaris)
- Primrose stemless, or primrose ordinary (Primula acaulis, Primula vulgaris) is a dwarf plant 10 cm high, the leaves are bright green. The flowers of this dwarf primrose are light yellow in color.
- Primrose reverse conical, or primrose reverse lanceolate (Primula obconica) it usually has small flowers that form inflorescences in the form of umbrellas and are painted in a pale lilac color. Petals have a wavy shape, rosette leaves on petioles of light green color.
- Primrose kartuzovidnaya (Primula cortusoides) has beautiful corrugated leaves and tall peduncles (25 - 30 cm), which have an umbrella inflorescence and pink color.
- Primrose capitate (Primula capitata) is a tall plant with purplish - blue flowers that are collected in spherical inflorescences. They are quite large in size.
- Primrose Bissa (Primula beesiana) - multi-tiered. Her white or pink flowers are located in 2 - 4 floors and have a height of 40 cm.
Primrose can be grown both in pot culture and in open ground. Primroses are light-loving plants, but they also grow well in partial shade on soils that are sufficiently moist and rich in organic fertilizers. After wintering, the roots of the plant stick out a little from the soil, so you need to add loose, nutritious soil.
During the summer, primrose must be fed with full mineral fertilizer. The first time the plants are fed in the early spring, then - after two - three weeks and the last time - in early August.Primula hybrid (Primula hybrid)
It is necessary that the leaves are preserved on the plant until the fall, then a well-developed rosette in winter covers the buds.
Primrose is propagated by seeds, cuttings and rhizomes. Primrose seeds are very small. To achieve good germination, it is necessary to maintain a constant, but not very high temperature (16 - 20). And the humidity should be high. Seedlings dive when the development phase reaches two true leaves. In the second year, young plants are planted in a permanent place. Primrose begin to bloom for 2 years after planting. Plants should be divided after 3 to 4 years. Division is made by rhizomes. Take a rosette with well-developed leaves and buds and divide it into small parts. The most favorable time is spring (May) or the beginning of autumn (September).Primula hybrid (Primula hybrid)
You can also propagate by cuttings. In May or June, a rosette with a piece of rhizome is cut out and planted in a shaded garden. The plant takes root quickly and winters well.
Primrose is the best spring decoration of parks and squares. They can be grown on alpine hills and used as a border plant.Primula