Noisy and joyful holidays, long-awaited family gatherings and cheerful winter fun in January in the first place. And even though at the beginning of the month there’s no time to think about a garden constrained by winter, every summer clerk, even at the beginning of the new calendar year, does not forget about work on his site. Indeed, no one has canceled the monitoring of both the snow cover and the stored reserves. But the main efforts in January should be directed to planning, landscape assessment and preparation for the future spring "boom". Indeed, it is in the middle of winter, when the period of growing seedlings is just beginning, that you can really think over the composition and purchase seeds and planting material at competitive prices.In January, we continue to shake off snow from trees and shrubs, we check the shelters of ornamental plants.
Planning and design
Once your favorite holidays, which take almost a fortnight, are over, it's time to use the results of the December assessment and plan the next garden season. January planning is in the foreground. And not only because it is the calmest month on the calendar. After all, it is in this month that it is worth finally deciding on the seedlings, which they plan to grow on their own and buy all the seeds.
But the start is still not with the "little things." In mid-winter, during a visit to the site, in order to monitor the condition of plants and winter shelters, it is worth inspecting the garden from the point of view of the fullness of the compositions. Indeed, the "skeletal" basis of the garden, the quality of its design, appear only in winter. If the garden seems empty and boring, then you need to work on the compositions, add basic elements that structure the accents and plants, attractive throughout the year.
Winter assessment should be carried out annually even for those objects that seem perfect or have been adjusted before. Winter exposes not only the crowns of trees and shrubs, but also the quality of the design. And nothing - neither bright flowers nor colorful leaves - distracts from the most important thing.
Having thus completed an assessment of the design of the garden and determining the necessary measures for its correction, proceed with planning:
- consider planting additional plants or replacing them with more spectacular ones;
- plan new flower beds or seasonal accents;
- decide on the colors and tasks of the gardeners in the garden, their future use and quantity;
- make changes and updates to your favorite compositions, think about filling in the voids and other aspects of correcting the appearance of decorative ensembles;
- make a list of plants that you will need to implement your plan;
- think over a plan for acquisitions and planting plants.
Do not forget to carefully consider the schedule of planting seedlings. Make a plan so that with the advent of February, do not get confused and do not forget about important nuances. In the plan, it is better to display not only the planting order, but also the germination time, care features, the required conditions for the propagation of specific plants. The information collected in one plan will help save yourself from unnecessary trouble and simplify the process.
We buy seeds, planting material and not only
In January, when the festive boom in stores, flower and garden centers is already behind, the demand for garden tools and planting materials falls. And in January it is possible to purchase seeds of ornamental plants, bulbs and root tubers with significant savings. January is also perfect for ordering plants according to catalogs: even taking into account the longest delivery times, new products will be delivered to you just before planting.
When replenishing your seed stock, do not forget to immediately check all the information about the plant, the expiration dates of the seeds and the planned planting dates. And immediately make changes to the plan of seedlings and the schedule of work on sowing and planting in the soil, so as not to do one job twice and not to waste precious spring time.
Also worth replenishing stocks:
- pots and containers for planting plants;
- ready-made substrates for seedlings and potted plants;
- fungicides and insecticides;
- growth stimulants;
- garden tools.
Checking the germination of seeds
Despite the fact that the time of actual sowing of seeds for seedlings has not come (with rare exceptions), it is better to prepare for the process in advance. The most important step is to check the seeds for germination. It is carried out for old seeds that are in the collection for more than 2 seasons of seeds: if they have lost germination, you still have time to buy new ones and do not waste time and effort on unsuccessful crops.
Performing such a check is very simple:
- Moisten a paper towel, gauze or a piece of cotton cloth in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, lay on a plate and sprinkle 5-10 seeds on the surface.
- Cover the seeds with the free end of the cloth and place the plate in a warm place.
- Wait for pecking: if 50% of the seeds or more are hatching, then your seeds can be used. Seeds with 90-100% germination can be sown as usual. If germination varies from 50 to 60%, then the crops will need to be doubled.
The first seedling for impatient flyers
At the very end of January, you can already sow the first seedlings. True, most often gardeners are limited to fresh herbs for March, and decorative crops are sown all the same in February. But if you want to accelerate the flowering of cloves of Shabo and other summers with a long growing season, and the weather and the amount of light allow you to do early summers in late January, do not delay sowing.
Cloves of Shabo, begonia, kobe, pelargonium, ageratum, etc. are sown in low boxes or plates up to 6 cm high, in a disinfected, treated with boiling water or potassium permanganate substrate, laying seeds into furrows with a depth of 0.5 cm rarely, after 1 cm. Distance for row-spacing it is better to leave about 2-3 cm. You need to germinate the seeds in warmth, but in shading, covering it with film or glass and protecting the crops from light with paper from above. The paper is removed after emergence, the film - as they grow.
Even a conscientious winter shelter for capricious horticultural crops is still worth periodically inspecting. After all, wind, precipitation, frost can damage the layers of wrappers, destroy the earthenware. Inspect all shelters, with signs of falling apart, strengthen them or completely restore the top layer.
Pay attention to the fact that the snow layer protecting the plants is not disturbed either. Perennials and roses that prefer to winter under a white blanket, inspect, if necessary, add snow again. If the trunks of decorative tree and shrubs are exposed, also do not forget to pour snow on them.
Audit the outside of the hedges. If the mats or shields that protect the green walls from chemicals and dirt are destroyed, too damaged, restore the shelter: spring will not come soon, and plants, even with small gaps between the shields, can seriously suffer from the proximity to the roadway and roads.
Throughout January, continue to trample snow between the curtains, around large plants. This is necessary to tighten the coating, destroy the passages of mice and other rodents and protect plants.
Do not forget about one more object attracting rodents - heaps of brushwood and compost pits, other accumulations of materials on the site. Be sure to check them, set traps and baits in a timely manner, so that after winter such a shelter does not become an unpleasant surprise, which led to the mass distribution of rodents.Clean tracks from snow and ice.
Cleaning the garden from the white blanket should continue
January is a month of heavy snowfalls and no less severe frosts. And to get rid of excess snow, in time to redistribute it on the site you need to constantly, focusing on the weather. Be sure to timely, preventing the snow from snowing, and icing up - to cover the tracks with a thick "shield", clean all garden areas and trails.
If an ice crust has formed, then very carefully use special preparations safe for plants or classic salt (but then make sure that not even the smallest particles of snow with chemicals get into the soil of flower beds and borders nearby).
Do not forget to take care not only of the tracks, but also of the plants. Indeed, not all cultures can withstand heavy cover. Show special zeal if there is wet snow, there are thaws, the temperature fluctuates. Snow is shaken off not only from the crowns of all evergreens and conifers, but also from other ornamental shrubs and trees in garden compositions. If you do not have time and the branches break, immediately treat the wounds with garden var or special preparations.
When cleaning snow and transferring it to flower beds, do not forget that in January, as in December, you can’t walk on the lawn, and the snow on it should be a thin fluffy and not at all thick layer.
Checking stocks of onion and corm
All plants stored outside of the soil in winter, in January, as throughout winter, should be carefully inspected and regularly checked. At the same time, the inspection should not be "lazy": examine literally every corm, see if the tissue has lost its elasticity, if there are signs of drying out, premature germination, or spread of rot.
At the first signs of a breach of the conditions of detention, correct them, and damage to the bulb or cut them to healthy tissues (do not forget to process the slices), or throw too infected bulbs before the problem spreads to the neighbors.
Do not forget to inspect the cuttings, if they, after rooting, are also stored indoors. Provide them with sparse, but regular watering, watch for signs of the spread of diseases and the condition of the substrate.Audit planting stock stored before spring planting.
Greenhouses, greenhouses and wintering tubs and pots
Garden plants that winter in a warm or partially warm conservatory and greenhouse, indoor conditions need a special approach. Such plants should receive proper care, but you should not overdo it with watering, just maintaining vitality. Water for irrigation can be used only slightly warm, heated. But what should be paid increased attention to is the air temperature and its stability.
On sunny days, under the rays of a seemingly cold sun, you should regularly ventilate the greenhouses, lowering both the temperature and humidity, as well as providing an influx of fresh air to the plants. Do not forget about the prevention of pests and diseases, do not let dust accumulate on the leaves of plants that retain greenery for the winter.
Plants wintering in a cool room a month, when the temperature reaches a minimum, should also be given increased attention. Control the conditions. Carefully inspect the cultures at least 1 time this month in order to notice signs of pests in time.
Pay attention to the snow at the top of the structures. Snow cover can be difficult not only for shrubs, but also for glass. Try to remove the thick, uneven layer of snow in a timely manner, but do not rush to remove the snow cover of small thickness: snow is an excellent heat insulator for both greenhouses and greenhouses.
You can view work calendars and other relevant materials on a special page in January.