The genus of phloxes is quite diverse and includes both annual and perennial plant species, as well as creeping and ampelous forms. Varieties of different types of phlox differ in size and shape of inflorescences. Also, phlox species have different periods and flowering periods. Despite the fact that many flower growers consider phlox to be unpretentious plants, nevertheless, in order for plants to enjoy lush flowering over the summer, it is necessary to take into account some nuances associated with the proper care of them.Phlox "Ruddy".
One of the main components of successful growth and long flowering is the right place for planting and the "right" soil. Phlox is light-loving plants, so for planting plants, choose well-lit areas of your garden. In shady areas, plants can also be planted, but in such conditions the inflorescences will not be so lush, and flowering can occur much later.
Phloxes are not very demanding plants for soil quality, but it is still noted that plants develop well on nutritious, loose, well-drained soils with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction.
Before planting, in about two weeks you can cultivate and improve the composition of the soil by applying mineral or organic fertilizers.Phlox in the flower garden.
Landing phlox in the open ground
Plants are planted in pre-prepared planting pits, with a depth of about 25-30 centimeters. The bottom of the pit is covered with a small layer of sand and drainage is laid, after which the root system of plants is carefully distributed over the entire surface of the pit. Phlox can be planted throughout the growing season, but when planting in early spring, flowering can occur two to three weeks later.
It should also be remembered that in spring a very short landing term is only the first half of May. In autumn, plants are planted in early September, so that young seedlings can adapt to new conditions and have time to root before the onset of the first frost. In autumn, we plant phlox with stems and leaves, cutting off only the faded top. Phlox planted during this period will certainly bloom next summer.
Phlox can be planted throughout the summer. To do this, plants are carefully dug up with an earthen lump and after planting in a new place, they are watered very abundantly. It is also necessary to remove all inflorescences in this case, so that all the forces of the plant are directed to rooting. The distance between plants should be within 50-60 centimeters from each other, while the size of the planting material and the variety of the plant must be taken into account.
Also, phlox can be transplanted even in a flowering state, but this must be done carefully so as not to damage the root system of the plant. The roots of the plant should not be allowed to dry, since the plant will take root worse at the new planting site, and in the future its development will slow down significantly. Until the plant takes root, and it takes about two to three weeks, it is necessary to constantly maintain soil moisture.Panic phlox (Phlox paniculata).
Plant care comes down to regular watering, treatment from pests, timely watering and the introduction of complex fertilizers. Plants need top dressing throughout the growing season; 5-7 top dressings are carried out per season. Since the period of intensive growth and the formation of flower stalks of plants begins in the second half of May, it is best to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers as top dressing.
The first feeding of phlox with mineral fertilizers can be carried out as soon as the snow melts. Fertilizers can be applied both in dry form, in the form of granules or powder, and in dissolved form.
When the formation of buds begins, the plants are fed with potash and phosphorus fertilizers. A sufficient potassium content in the soil contributes to the bright, saturated and lush flowering of phlox.
The last fertilizing with fertilizers is carried out after the plant has faded and the period of formation of seed bolls begins. During this period, phosphorus-potassium complex fertilizers are used as fertilizers. It is advisable to apply fertilizers in the evening, after heavy watering or rain.Phlox "Coral Flame".
Phlox is a hygrophilous plant and is very sensitive to a lack of moisture, so do not forget about regular watering, especially in a hot and arid period. The soil must be shed to the entire depth of the root system. It is best to water early in the morning or late in the evening.
In no case should phlox be poured with too cold water on a hot day, this can lead to a burn of the plant and cracking of the stem. It is also undesirable that during irrigation water would fall on the lower leaves.
Mulching is the most reliable and proven way to preserve moisture in the soil. For mulching, you can use mowed grass, tree bark, neutral peat or humus.
Before the onset of frost, in the second half of October, phloxes must be cut. The base of the bush and the soil around it must be treated with fungicidal preparations.