1. Garden Astra, or Chinese Callistephus (Callistephus chinensis)
Under the true botanical name, these magnificent medium-sized summers are practically unknown to us. Callistefus is a botanical name for all familiar annual asters, the genus of which is represented by only 1 plant species.Garden Astra, or Chinese Callistephus (Callistephus chinensis)
Asters are easily recognizable at a glance. These are the favorites of summer and autumn bouquets, whose lush, thick-double heads look great in any flower garden. Asters are no coincidence and today we retain the status of the most popular flyer. They are found in almost every garden and do not know periods of oblivion or decline in interest since the mid-19th century.
Grassy annuals with a fibrous, widely branched and powerful root system, solid straight shoots and regular oval leaves with serrated or serrated edges, annual asters are recognized primarily by flowering.
Baskets of inflorescences, consisting of tubular and reed flowers, most often double and very lush. Asters have more than four thousand varieties, differing in the size and shape of the bushes, the timing of flowering, as well as in size, shape and color of the inflorescences.
Flowering period of asters: from July to mid or late autumn.
Color spectrum: From white to pink and purple.
Use of asters: in borders, flower beds, discounts, groups, autumn compositions, pot culture, as a cutting plant, to mask bald spots and voids in place of spring stars.
Sowing annual asters into the soil can be done as soon as the weather allows you and the soil will thaw and warm up. Usually, the sowing dates of annual asters are limited to April and early May. If there is adverse weather, then sowing is carried out in a greenhouse or under a film.
Lighting: bright or partial shade.
The soil: neutral, fertile, light, not containing manure.
Features of the selection of places: Asters need flat areas without the risk of stagnation of water, on which for 3 or 4 years no other callistefus, tulips, cloves, gladiolus or levcoia (as well as vegetables and summers suffering from fusarium) have not grown.
Seeds of asters are sown in grooves, but not deep: after covering with soil, they should be buried by 0.5-1 cm. Abundant watering is a prerequisite. If there is a spring drought, it is better to mulch or cover with non-woven materials to preserve moisture and improve germination, removing the shelter after emergence.Garden Astra, or Chinese Callistephus (Callistephus chinensis).
Annual asters sown in open soil do not “touch” until the appearance of the third true leaf, after which they thin out 10-15 cm between plants. Throwing out "extra" asters is not necessary: these flyers perfectly tolerate the transplant and young seedlings can be relocated to a new place.
Care for asters is reduced to watering in a drought without excessive moisture, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers (several weeks after transplanting or thinning, budding and flowering).
Continuation of the list of the best flyers that can be sown immediately in the soil, see the next page.